The grasslands which occur on Britain’s chalk downs are some of the richest and most interesting habitats in the country, and The Ridgeway is no exception. But today only a fraction of this chalk grassland remains; most was destroyed in the 20th century by improvements in agricultural techniques and fertilizer use, which accelerated during and after World War 2.
However, the Ridgeway still has a very rich flora for most of its length.
The upland area is slightly warmer in summer and rather colder in winter than most parts of southern Britain. The sunshine hours are above average and the rainfall moderate, about 33 inches per year.
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